The Astorias were a compact and heavily armored design. Since 3 of the 7 -- Astoria, Quincy, and Vincennes, in the early Guadalcanal Battle of Savo (Island), August 7/8, 1942 -- were lost, more consideration might have been given to flotation, instead of the weight that must have pulled them down.
On the other hand, thanks to fire hazard reduction and improved damage control, Minneapolis and New Orleans survived losing their bows -- along with the forward 8" gun turret in one case -- in the later Battle of Tassafaronga in November 1942.
San Francisco survived the Guadalcanal battles of Cape Esperance and the First Battle of Guadalcanal. (See the book by Grace about that savage battle. One of its gun captains was a direct descendant of Daniel Boone.) Tuscaloosa was part of the abortive cruiser covering force for Convoy PQ17. It also served in the Mediterranean in support of the invasion of North Africa.
After 1942, most of these ships had the wings sticking out from their bridges -- their forward superstructures -- cut away, to improve their antiaircraft guns' arc of fire.
I HAVE DESIGNED A 3-D CARDSTOCK PAPER MODEL SHIP OF THIS SHIP/CLASS.
Photo of Astoria CA-34, before she was sunk:
Drawings and photos of the class after the modifications to the bridge:
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